Chlorine and its various forms are powerful oxidants that will kill or inactivate most pathogenic organism that are harmful to human and animal life. Chlorination is the most commonly used disinfection process for wastewater treatment.,
Chlorine disinfection is reliable and effective against a wide spectrum of pathogenic organisms. When chlorine gas and hypochlorite salts are added to water, hydrolysis and ionization take place to form hypochlorous acid (HOCI) and hypochlorite ions (OCI) also referred to as free available chlorine.
DENVER, March 22, 2015 — Chlorine, a disinfectant commonly used in most wastewater treatment plants, may be failing to completely eliminate pharmaceuticals from wastes. ... “Treated wastewater is one of the major sources of pharmaceuticals and antibiotics in the environment,” says Keen.Mar 22, 2015
Chlorine is added to raw water to eliminate algae and other forms of aquatic life from the water so they won't cause problems in the later stages of water treatment.Jan 23, 2017